Oak Orchard Christmas Bird Count 2019

On December 27, 2019, 21 volunteers participated in the 52nd annual Oak Orchard Swamp Christmas Bird Count. The National Audubon Society, in collaboration with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, sponsor Christmas Bird Counts annually throughout the country and beyond in the Americas. Each count consists of a tally of all birds seen within a fifteen-mile diameter circle on one day that falls within a 15-day period at the end of December and the beginning of January. Audubon Christmas Counts have been taking place for 119 years and provide valuable information on the range expansion or narrowing of wintering bird populations. 

The center for the Oak Orchard count is the point at which the Genesee-Orleans County line crosses Route 63. The 15-mile diameter circle includes the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge, Oak Orchard and Tonawanda State Wildlife Management Areas, the Tonawanda Native American Reservation, the Townships of Alabama and Shelby, the villages of Indian Falls, Medina and Wolcottsville and portions of Middleport and Oakfield. 

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Count hours were warm and mild, with a low of 39F and high of 57F. both above the average daily temperature for the date of 34F. Both morning and afternoon were essentially precipitation free. 

Our observers were afield in fourteen parties from 6:30 AM until 5:50 PM, and in 322.5 total hours covered 35 miles on foot and 504 miles by car! One observer counted birds at home feeders. Participants also clocked 4 nocturnal hours and 37 miles searching for owls. In total, these observers tallied 62 species. 13,248 individual birds were counted, which is an improvement over last year. Despite this year’s open water, because of a hard freeze in November most waterfowl had left the region by count day. For the second year in a row, counters commented on difficulty finding sparrow species including low numbers of wintering Dark-eyed Juncos, American Tree Sparrows and other common sparrows. With the lack of snow, participants reported that birds were difficult to see in fields and were not present at the roadsides. No irruptive species (those that visit in winter from the boreal forest when cone crops there are low) were noted this year, except for a few Red-breasted Nuthatches. Two notable highest counts ever were of 20 Bald Eagles (!) and 493 Herring Gulls. Turkey Vulture was the one ‘new to the count’ species this year. A Ruby-crowned Kinglet, a Hermit Thrush, and a Yellow-rumped Warbler were all found lingering in the count area by our sharp-eyed participants. Count week birds seen in the three days before or after the count date were Tundra Swan, Hooded Merganser, Short-eared Owl, Savannah Sparrow and Turkey Vulture. 

The Friends of Iroquois, Inc. sponsored evening refreshments at the refuge. The INWR Staff contribute time and effort in covering the refuge areas. The NYS DEC staff volunteered to report birds while on duty and conducted their winter raptor survey on count afternoon. Many thanks go out to everyone who participated! We rely on volunteer support every year to continue this important tradition. 

Oak Orchard Christmas Bird Count:

Bird Count
American Black Duck 31
American Crow 270
American Goldfinch 127
American Kestrel 3
American Robin 22
American Tree Sparrow 142
Bald Eagle 20
Barred Owl 1
Blackcapped Chickadee 287
Blue Jay 102
Brown Creeper 9
Brownheaded Cowbird 139
Canada Goose 4447
Carolina Wren 2
Cedar Waxwing 85
Common Merganser 2
Common Raven 2
Cooper’s Hawk 5
Darkeyed Junco 140
Downy Woodpecker 83
Eastern Bluebird 48
Eastern ScreechOwl 5
European Starling 4105
Goldencrowned Kingl 5
Great Blue Heron  3
Great Horned Owl 2
Hairy Woodpecker 30
Hermit Thrush 1
Herring Gull 493
Hooded Merganser cw
Horned Lark 10
House Finch 62
House Sparrow 690
Mallard 327
Merlin 2
Mourning Dove 173
Mute Swan 2
Northern Cardinal 109
Northern Flicker 29
Northern Harrier 4
Northern Shrike 1
Pileated Woodpecker 8
Redbellied Woodpecker 46
Redbreasted Nuthatch 3
Redtailed Hawk 47
Redwinged Blackbird 151
Ringbilled Gull 307
Ringnecked Pheasant 3
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon) 499
Roughlegged Hawk cw
Rubycrowned Kinglet 1
Savannah Sparrow cw
Sharpshinned Hawk 3
Shorteared Owl cw
Song Sparrow 9
Tufted Titmouse 17
Tundra Swan cw
Turkey Vulture cw
Whitebreasted Nuthatch 73
Whitethroated Sparrow 21
Wild Turkey 48
Yellowrumped Warbler 1

cw= species seen in count week but not on count day